SFTP and SSH into Docker Instance

SFTP replaces FTP and FTP/S. Now included in most SSH clients SFTP is the best way forward when an interactive remote file client is needed.

In this article we'll be covering how to use SFTP with a EnterMedia Database Docker instance.

1. Secure SSH access to the Docker Instance

Depending on your configuration, we may need to use either password or key based authentication for SSH access. If you have already configured password authentication the skip this section. We highly recommend using SSH keys to remotely access machines!

We have an entire article and a convienient script to obtain SSH keys for a EMDB Instance. Please follow the instructions here.

2. Connecting to the Instance

You can create an alternate config file for the connection and use the -F switch to tell ssh to use it. Create a config file e.g. ~/.ssh/config.sftp with the contents:

Host remote.host
   Hostname example.com
   User RemoteUserName
   IdentityFile /path/to/alternate/ssh-key
   Port 00000

NOTE: The man page for ssh_config expands with more info on the usage of the alternate config file

Afterwards connecting via SFTP is as simple as:

sftp remote.host

If not, then using a command similar to this will do the trick:

sftp -i /path/to/private/keyfile user@host.com

 

Once connected standard SFTP commands can be executed like get, or put. Here are a couple of examples to get a file or directory from the remote server to the local machine.

get remoteFile
put localFile
get -r /Some/Directory
put -r /Local/Directory

There are more commands and options to expand SFTP's operational capabilities that can also include simple file or directory modifications. The last command that should run is exit, this closes the SFTP session.

3. Exporting an Entermedia Instance's Data

If rsync isn't an option to export data, then SFTP is the second best option at hand. It's relatively simple to copy an Instance's data with the following instructions.

First, lets SFTP into the Instance, and then use the following command to preserve file structures and permissions.

get -Rpaf /opt/entermediadb/webapp/WEB-INF/data /local/path/

Here we are using the the following options:

 -a flag attempts to resume partial transfers of existing files.
 -f If this flag is specified, then fsync will be called after the file transfer has completed to flush the file to disk.
 -p flag specifies that full file permissions and access times are copied too.
 -R flag specifies that directories will be copied recursively.

More information on SFTP's options can be found on the man page here.